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Date: 2007dec20 Updated: 2011sep23 OS: Linux Q. What are the two letter Linux/Unix commands? A. Of course we use vi, rm, mv and ls daily but what are the others. Surely they must be important if their names are so short. So I did:ls /bin/?? /usr/bin/?? /sbin/?? /usr/sbin/??And looked them all up. From /bin we get: cp - copy files and directories dd - convert and copy a file df - report file system disk space usage ex - start vim in ex mode ln - make links between files ls - list directory contents mv - move (rename) files ps - report a snapshot of the current processes. rm - remove files or directories sh - Bourne shell (linked to Bash for me) su - run a shell with substitute user and group IDs vi - I made this a link to vim From /usr/bin we get: ab - Apache HTTP server benchmarking tool ar - create, modify, and extract from archives as - the portable GNU assembler. cc - link to gcc on my box du - estimate file space usage ex - start vim in ex mode gs - Ghostscript (PostScript and PDF language interpreter and pre- viewer) id - print user identity ld - The GNU linker lp - print files m4 - macro processor nl - number lines of files nm - list symbols from object files od - dump files in octal and other formats pr - convert text files for printing rb - receive with Ymodem rx - receive with XModem rz - receive with ZModem sb - send with YModem sg - execute command as different group ID (an alias for newgrp) sm - Jabber IM session manager sx - send with XModem sz - send with ZModem tr - translate or delete characters ul - do underlining wc - print newline, word, and byte counts for each file From /sbin we get: ip - show / manipulate routing, devices, policy routing and tunnels iw - show / manipulate wireless devices and their configuration tc - show / manipulate traffic control settings From /usr/sbin we get: ss - Show sockets So now you know. sg was a cool discovery for me. Also don't forget the one character commands... [ - test - check file types and compare values w - Show who is logged on and what they are doing. X - X Windows
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